Shivaji Maharaj

Title Shivaji Maharaj
a hero for modern India
Author gen.ed. Kireet Joshi
Publication Shubhra Ketu Foundation
Size 69p
Language ENG ENG
ISBN 9789382919001
Topics Shivaji Bhonsale I (Raja, 1627-1680)
Biography--Rulers (heads of gov./ chief exec.)
India--History--1526-1765 (Mughals)
Notes Shivaji was an Indian warrior-king and a member of the Bhonsle Maratha clan. Shivaji carved out an enclave from the declining Adilshahi sultanate of Bijapur that formed the genesis of the Maratha Empire. In 1674, he was formally crowned as the chhatrapati (emperor) of his realm at Raigad. Over the course of his life, Shivaji engaged in both alliances and hostilities with the Mughal Empire, Sultanate of Golkonda and Sultanate of Bijapur, as well as European colonial powers. Shivaji's military forces expanded the Maratha sphere of influence, capturing and building forts, and forming a Maratha navy. Shivaji established a competent and progressive civil rule with well-structured administrative organisations. He revived ancient Hindu political traditions and court conventions and promoted the usage of Marathi language and Sanskrit, rather than the Persian language, in court and administration. Shivaji's legacy was to vary by observer and time, but nearly two centuries after his death, he began to take on increased importance with the emergence of the Indian independence movement, as many Indian nationalists elevated him as a proto-nationalist and hero of the Hindus. [wikipedia]
AV 921
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